Who are we?


Mark Manning is a registered psychologist who has had a very varied career, both inside and outside universities. He began his career as a psychophysiologist studying the integration of visual information in the occipital lobe underlying the processes of stereovision, and the distribution of processing of visual motion in the occipital, temporal, and parietal lobes. More recently he has studied the influence of the psychological environment on employee behaviour within the Tourism and Hospitality industry, and he is currently a lecturer in management at the University of the Sunshine Coast. Mark sees his work on Legion Theory as his most important work.

Selected Publications

Manning, M.L., & Manning, R.L. (2007). Legion Theory: A meta-psychology. Theory and Psychology, 17(6), 839-862.

Manning, M.L., Davidson, M., & Manning, R.L. (2005). Measuring tourism and hospitality employee workplace perceptions. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 24(1), 75-90.

Manning, M.L., Davidson, M., & Manning, R.L. (2004). Toward a Shortened Measure of Organisational Climate in Tourism and Hospitality. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, 28(4), 444-462.

Davidson, M., & Manning, M.L. (2003). Organizational Climate of Food and Beverage Employees: Its Impact upon Customer Satisfaction in Hotels. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration, 4(4), 85-100.

Davidson, M., Manning, M.L., Brosnan, P, & Timo, N., (2002). Organizational Climate, Perceived Customer Satisfaction and Revenue per Available Room in Four and Five Star Australian Hotels, Tourism Analysis, 6(2), 123-137.

Davidson, M., Manning, M., & Timo, N. (2001). Are customer satisfaction and performance in hotels influenced by organisational climate? Australian Journal of Hospitality Management, Autumn, 8(1), 41-54.

Davidson, M.C.G., Manning, M.L., Timo, N., & Ryder, P.A. (2001). The Dimensions of Organizational Climate in Four and Five Star Australian Hotels. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 25(4), 444-461.

Selmes, C.M., Fulham, W.R., Finlay, D.C., Chorlton, M.C. & Manning, M.L. (1997). Time-Till-Breakdown and scalp electrical potential maps of long-range apparent motion. Perception and Psychophysics, 59, 489-499.

Caelli, T.M., Manning, M.L., and Finlay, D.C. (1993). A general correspondence approach to apparent motion. Perception, 22, 185-192.

Manning, M.L., Finlay, D.C., Dewis, S.A.M., and Dunlop D.B. (1992). Detection duration thresholds and evoked potential measures of stereosensitivity. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 79, 161-175.

Manning, M.L. and Mazzucchelli, T. (1992). Electrical responses to short-range kinematogram displays: An occipital lobe global motion process in humans? Vision Research, 32, 447-451.

Tate, R.L., Manning, M.L., Fenelon, B. and Hunter, M. (1991). Patterns of neuropsychological impairment after severe blunt head injury. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 179, 117-126.

Manning, M.L., Finlay, D.C., and Fulham, W.R. (1991). Time-till-breakdown and VEP measures of short-range apparent motion. Vision Research, 31, 1865-1874.

Chorlton, M.C., Finlay, D.C., Manning, M.L., Fulham, W.R.F., and Boulton, J. (1991). Differential motion thresholds to sinusoidal gratings at two eccentricities. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 73, 1-2.

Finlay, D.C., Manning, M.L., Dunlop, D.B., and Dewis, S. (1989). Difficulties in the definition of 'stereoscotoma' using temporal detection thresholds of dynamic random dot stereograms. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 72, 161-173.

Manning, M.L. and Finlay, D.C. (1989). Motion components of VEPs to the waggon-wheel effect. Vision Research, 29, 19- 25.

Manning, M.L., Finlay, D.C., and Fenelon, B. (1988). Visual evoked potentials to stimuli in apparent motion. Vision Research, 28, 965-974.

Finlay, D.C., Manning, M.L., Neill, R.A. and Fenelon, B. (1987). Effects of movement in the background field on long-range apparent motion. Vision Research, 27, 1679-1682.

Manning, M.L., Finlay, D.C., Neill, R.A., and Frost, B.G. (1987). Detection threshold differences to crossed and uncrossed disparities. Vision Research, 27, 1683-1686.

Finlay, D.C., Manning, M.L., and Fenelon, B. (1987). Individual differences in responses of untrained observers to stroboscopic apparent motion. Perception, 16, 573-581.

Neill, R.A., Fenelon, B., Manning M.L., and Frost, B.G. (1986). Evoked potentials to dynamic random dot stimuli with varying dot density ratios of disparity to background. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 63, 407-415.

Fenelon, B., Neill, R.A., and Manning, M.L. (1984). Stereoscopic cerebral evoked potentials of air force pilots and civilian comparison groups. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, October, 914-920.

Selected Research Grants

Large ARC [Australian Research Council]: Finlay, McElwain and Manning. Electrophysiological and behavioural studies of visual perception incorporating MRI and dipole modelling. (1992-94) $170,000

Large ARC: Finlay, McElwain and Manning. Electrophysiological and behavioural study of the perception of apparent motion. (1988-90) $75,500

Small ARC: Manning and Conlon. An investigation of the cortical loci of first- and second-order visual motion processing in humans. (1999) $17,280

Small ARC: Manning and Conlon. An electrophysiological investigation of the human cortical responses to the Ternus display. (1998) $14,770

Small ARC: Manning. An electrophysiological examination of the distribution of cortical visual processes in humans. (1997) $19,613

Griffith University Infrastructure Grant: Manning and Conlon. Development of Applied Neuroscience Laboratory. (1998) $14,500

Griffith University, Business and Hotel Management, Faculty Research Scheme (FRS): Manning. Methodological investigation of event related potential recording. (1996) $4,952

UWA Individual Research Grant: Manning. Electrophysiological investigation of cortical function. (1992) $20,000

UWA Individual Research Grant: Manning. Electrophysiological investigation of cortical function. (1991) $29,000

UWA Special Research Grant: Manning. Electrophysiological investigation of occipital lobe global motion processes. (1991) $17,000




Mark Manning

Rana Manning


Home | Multiple Personality | Other Multiplicity | Legion Theory | Legion Theory Explains | Who are we? | More | Contact Us